How to: Install drainage

Related Topics: surface drainage, drainage basins, seepage drainage

A variety of drainage products and techniques are available to grounds managers and superintendents. This article is a guide to the basics of drainage installation. It will help you complete your drainage project efficiently and professionally and will aid you when installing any kind of drainage system.

Poor drainage causes obvious problems: standing water, foul odor, insects, diseased or dying plants, mud and ruined turf. Planning and installing suitable drainage will solve these problems and prevent the site from turning into a maintenance nightmare during storms and rainy seasons.

Planning Your Drainage System

The first step you should take when planning a drainage system is to identify low spots in the landscape. If obvious low spots exist on the property, the water must have a way to exit those areas. If you don't install drainage, a puddle probably will develop whenever it rains. I'll discuss three basic categories of drainage for solving such problems: surface drainage, drainage basins with grates and piping, and seepage drainage using perforated pipe and gravel.

Other Drainage Resources

  • Drainage solutions for turf, tree and landscape plantings: Although excessive drainage can be a problem on some coarser textured sandy soils and slopes, poor drainage is a much more common landscape problem and is considered by many to be one of the biggest killers of landscape plants.
  • Drainage for high traffic turf:  Managing high-traffic turf while keeping in mind the implications of irrigation and drainage issues are key to successful overall turf management.
  • How to install a french drain: French drains are quite simple: in essence they are just trenches filled with gravel, with sand on top of that. Often, you'll see French drains defined to include a drain pipe as well, though the traditional design is simply the gravel-filled trench.

From the Web: Drainage Installation

  • Call before you dig number: By dialing the "Call Before You Dig" number, you might avoid severing an underground utility cable while digging.
  • Drainage pipe installation tipsDrainage pipe installation is simple. Downspout drainage pipes do not have to be buried deeply. The drain pipes should also be installed in undisturbed soil about 6 feet away from the foundation.

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