Ground Maintenance Article Archive

Questions & Answers About Pesticides  

Are there risks associated with pesticide use?...

Managing Insects & Related Pests  

Insect species number in the millions worldwide. Although they make their livings in a variety of ways, a great many do so by consuming vegetation....

Diseases of Ornamentals & Turf 

The term "disease" refers to any malady that af-fects a living organism. Thus, many things in addition to pathogenic organisms can cause dis-ease: physical and chemical injury, physiological conditions and nutritional disorders....

Weed Identification & Management 

One researcher estimates that weed management, worldwide, occupies more human time and effort than any other single activity....

Pesticides & Pesticide Labeling 

Applying pesticides correctly and safely requires knowledge and skills. It carries a load of special responsibilities...

Pruning Trees & Shrubs 

Pruning is the selective removal of plant parts to achieve a specific goal. Any pruning you perform should be for a definite reason and should remove no more than necessary to achieve your objective. ...

Fertility 

Many people erroneously think that plants draw their food from soil. In reality, plants manufacture their own food through photosynthesis in their green tissue....

Irrigation 

Water is important to the growth and survival of plants. Water comprises 70 to 85 percent of the fresh weight of most turfgrasses and landscape plants....

Mowing 

Once you’ve established turf, its routine mowing is your single-most important grounds-care practice. Mowing dramatically affects the appearance of a landscape and the health of the turfgrass plants. ...

Turf Cultivation and Dethatching 

Cultivating turf presents problems that are not encoun-tered in annual crops. Turf is a perennial cover, and you must take special care to prevent undue disruption of its surface characteristics when you need to alleviate a soil problem that occurs in it....

Annuals, Perennials and Bulbs 

Landscapes often include beds dedicated to pro-viding color. Such plantings generally consist of herbaceous plants that provide abundant bloom, colorful foliage and reliable growth....

Tree & Shrub Establishment 

In many parts of the country, fall is promoted as a good time to plant trees and shrubs. Although this is true, the timing of tree and shrub planting is not as critical as using the proper planting techniques. ...

Turf Establishment and Renovation  

Turfgrass maintenance problems often result from poor planning in the initial stages of establishment. Poor drainage, scalping and turf-susceptibility to environmental stresses may be the consequence of poor establishment techniques....

The Turfgrasses 

Grasses belong to one of the most evolutionarily advanced families of plants called Poaceae. The Poaceae family is subdivided into six subfamilies that include 25 tribes, 600 genera and 7,500 species. ...

Soils 

Soil scientists define soil in various ways, but all definitions illustrate the fact that soil is not as simple as many assume. Soil is the uppermost layer of material covering most of the earth’s land surface and consists of mineral particles, organic matter, microorganisms, water and air. The possible types and proportions of these components are innumerable, which is why so many different types of soil exist. ...

Growth & Development  

Trees, turfgrasses, shrubs, flowers and vines make up the majority of plant types on your grounds. Common aspects of these plants are that they are all highly evolved and that they have similar characteristics of growth and development. Most notably, they are all vascular seed plants, they all conduct photosynthesis, and they all derive nutrients and water from their surroundings....

Extending the Life of Your Tires 

High fuel prices not only are taking their toll at the pump, they are affecting tire prices as well. Here are some tips to enhance performance and ensure that you are maximizing the wear you are getting from your tires....

On the Edge 

Appearances are everything in today's highly visual society. Keeping up appearances when laying the groundwork for aesthetically-pleasing landscape designs...

Employment increased in July 

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 113,000 in July. The number...

Equipment Options: Compact Equipment 

Allmand with an exclusive ESL backhoe design and digging power, the Allmand TLB-535 heavy-duty compact tractor loader backhoe is designed to meet the...

How To: Safely remove a tree 

The removal of large trees should be left to professional arborists. Their training and liability insurance make them the best people for the job. However, for smaller trees that have died, are dying or are interfering with the growth of desirable, adjacent trees, you might want to tackle the job yourself. The following suggestions should help keep you and your surroundings safe from falling tree hazards. ...

Orchid Overview 

Q I care for the grounds at a retirement community that has been given a collection of orchids for its lounge area. They have asked me to care for them....

National Effort 

The U.S. National Arboretum, in Washington, D.C., should be on your list of gardens to visit and visit regularly. The arboretum is home to collections...

Lessons in Landscaping 

Working with living systems like landscapes always involves an element of surprise. Sometimes the surprises are good: the perennials you planted last year came back despite an unusually harsh winter. Sometimes the surprises are not so good: drought conditions and water restrictions wipe-out thirsty perennials. ...

Focus On: Augers 

You need an auger like you need a hole in the ground, which, actually, is quite often if you find yourself digging holes for trees, posts, poles and sprinklers....

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