Prune to the standard 

The arboriculture industry has developed a variety of progressive pruning standards in recent years, the culmination of which is the current Standard...

How To: Sharpen pruners, shears and loppers 

When you're in a hurry to get your pruning work done, you may not want to take the extra few minutes needed to stop and sharpen your tools. But it's well...

PART II: Managing resistance: Herbicides 

Turfgrass managers may be more familiar with pest resistance to insecticides and fungicides, but resistance to herbicides is becoming more common. However,...

Fertilize bermudagrass greens smartly and safely 

When you intensively manage turfgrass, you must not only be attentive to the requirements of the turf but also to the potential environmental impact of...

PGMA Winner: The Breakers 

As a grounds-maintenance professional, you are bound to admire and appreciate the beautiful, well-maintained property of The Breakers. If you are looking...

Understand the mode of action and persistence of ornamental herbicides 

Herbicides perform a vital role in the management of weeds in ornamentals. As the name indicates, herbicides are chemicals that kill or control weeds....

How to: Fertilize trees via liquid injection 

When it comes to fertilizing trees, you'll find no shortage of options and decisions. You have choices of how and how much fertilizer to apply, what its...

Selecting fairway grasses: Tried & true or something new? 

What's the best turfgrass to use on fairways? Bentgrass? Bermudagrass? Ryegrass? Zoysiagrass? Many types are available, and recent cultivar improvements...

Waterfront Plaza 

In 1986, Waterfront Management Ltd. (Honolulu) began construction of a low-rise office-building complex, which extends five stories into the sky and sits...

Buying a business: Let the buyer beware 

Buying an existing business can be an excellent way to become a business owner or to expand your present business. First of all, you can save the time...

Regulating fertilizer use 

Dr. Kirk A. Hurto, Vice president of technical services, TruGreen-Chemlawn (Delaware, Ohio)The Coastal Water Protection Act and the Clean Water Act have...

Liquid vs granular 

Fertilizers for turf use include an ever-growing and widely varied selection of products. As a turf manager, you quickly can become awash with information...

Fertigation offers ease and efficiency 

Fertigation-applying fertilizer through an irrigation system-is a tool that can help you accomplish goals of agronomic and aesthetic splendor with relative...

Cool-season turf benefits from fall fertilization 

Management practices during fall and late fall have major effects on the quality of cool-season turfgrasses the following spring. Fertilization is one...

Don't stumble over surface tree roots 

Contrary to what you might think, tree roots are not coming out to get you. Instead, roots-by design-are simply trying to seek out, gather and control...

Equipment Options: Walk-behind spreaders 

Calibrating chemical-application equipment is critical. If you don't take care that you are applying product at the correct rates, you can end up applying...

Beware of rust 

A few years ago, I participated as an expert witness in a case involving a lawn- and grounds-care company and its supplier. Apparently, an employee sprayed...

Research Update 

Unbiased information Where can I get unbiased information about turf and ornamental cultivars and susceptibilities?-FloridaThe most consistently unbiased...

Fertilizer production 

In March 1998, the United States International Trade Commission's (USITC) Office of Industries published an Industry & Trade Summary for fertilizers....

Irrigate--don't ignore--fairway trees 

On many golf courses, fairway trees are forgotten where irrigation is concerned. However, the notion that "the sprinklers will give them enough water"...

Bonita Bay 

If you have ever wondered what entices people to relocate to Florida, be it for a season or year-round, the description of Bonita Bay may just give you...

Retain employees by offering benefits 

The grounds-care industry, like many others, has one of business's most perplexing problems: how to attract and keep quality employees. Business people...

Trimmer attachments create versatility 

Since the introduction of the first spin trimmer (Weed Eater) in the early 1970s, these machines have become indispensable for turf-care operators by...

Sprinkler rotor options 

Q: Which has the greater benefits-closed-case or open-case rotors?Frank Simon, president, Landscape Irrigation Consulting (Dana Point, Calif.)The main...

Managing Resistance --Part I: Fungicides 

Site-specific fungicides, better known as systemic fungicides, are vital tools for turfgrass managers. Their effectiveness and length of control are superior...

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